Red beetroot (Beta vulgaris rubra) has gained significant attention in recent years due to its potential as a health-promoting and disease-preventing functional food. One of the key components of beetroot is nitrate, which can increase the availability of nitric oxide (NO) in the body. This property has led to the exploration of beetroot as a strategy to enhance NO bioavailability and manage conditions associated with diminished NO levels, such as hypertension and endothelial dysfunction.
In addition to its effects on NO availability, beetroot has been investigated as a therapeutic treatment for various pathologies related to oxidative stress and inflammation. The betalain pigments present in beetroot exhibit potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and chemo-preventive properties both in vitro and in vivo. These properties make beetroot an intriguing candidate for managing conditions characterized by oxidative stress and inflammation.